"Legal Lexicon":
ABOLITION - An act by which a thing is extinguished, abrogated or annihilated as the abolition of slavery is the destruction of slavery.
2. In the civil and French law abolition is used nearly synonymously with pardon, remission, grace. There is, however, this difference; grace is the generic term; pardon, according to those laws, is the clemency which the prince extends to a man who has participated in a crime, without being a principal or accomplice; remission is made in cases of involuntary homicides, and self-defence. Abolition is different: it is used when the crime cannot be remitted. The prince then may by letters of abolition remit the punishment, but the infamy remains, unless letters of abolition have been obtained before sentence.
The term abolition is used in the German law in the same sense as in the French law. The term abolition is derived from the civil law, in which it is sometimes used synonymously with absolution.

English-Chinese law dictionary (法律英汉双解大词典). 2013.


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  • abolition — [ abɔlisjɔ̃ ] n. f. • abolicion 1316; lat. abolitio 1 ♦ Dr. Le fait d abolir, de supprimer; son résultat. L abolition d une loi. ⇒ abrogation. L abolition des privilèges le 4 août 1789. 2 ♦ Cour. Suppression (d une coutume, d une situation). L… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • abolition — I noun abolishment, abrogation, annihilation, annulment, cancellation, defeasance, deposal, destruction, desuetude, discontinuance, dissolutio, dissolution, disusage, disuse, elimination, eradication, extermination, extinction, extinguishment,… …   Law dictionary

  • abolition — Abolition. s. f. v. Anéantissement, extinction, il se dit principalement en parlant des loix & des Coustumes. L abolition des cérémonies de la Loy. abolition d une loy. abolition d un culte superstitieux. l entiere abolition de l Ordre des… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • abolition — Abolition, f. C est effacement, aneantissement de quelque chose. Abolition aussi est une espece de lettres de grace d un prince souverain d aucun forfait ou crime capital perpetré par une commune de pays, ville, bourg ou village de ses subjets.… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Abolition — Ab o*li tion, n. [L. abolitio, fr. abolere: cf. F. abolition. See {Abolish}.] The act of abolishing, or the state of being abolished; an annulling; abrogation; utter destruction; as, the abolition of slavery or the slave trade; the abolition of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Abolition — is the act of formally repealing an existing legal practice, either by making it illegal, or simply no longer allowing it to exist in any form.Notable things which have been abolished include: *Slavery see Abolitionism *The Soviet Union *Alcohol… …   Wikipedia

  • abolition — (n.) 1520s, from M.Fr. abolition or directly from L. abolitionem (nom. abolitio) an abolition, noun of action from pp. stem of abolere destroy (see ABOLISH (Cf. abolish)). Specific application to opposition to the black slave trade as a political …   Etymology dictionary

  • Abolition — (lat.), Niederschlagung der Strafverfolgung vor erlassenem Straferkenntnis und dadurch von der Begnadigung im engern Sinn als dem Erlaß der rechtskräftig erkannten Strafe unterschieden. Die A. ist entweder eine generelle (abolitio generalis,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Abolition — (lat.), Abschaffung Aufhebung, insbes. eines strafgerichtlichen Verfahrens durch Gnadenakt …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Abolition — Abolition, landesherrliche Begnadigung eines Angeschuldigten noch vor dessen strafgerichtlicher Beurtheilung. Neuere Gesetzgebungen (z.B. Baiern, Kurhessen) schließen diese Einmischung in den ordentlichen Lauf der Strafgerechtigkeit aus; in den… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • abolition — [n] formal act of putting an end to, annulling abolishment, abrogation, annihilation, annulment, cancellation, destruction, dissolution, elimination, end, ending, eradication, extirpation, invalidation, negation, nullification, obliteration,… …   New thesaurus

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